March 25, 2008

South Moluccas

   

STATISTICS

Status: Unrecognized State
Population: 1 million
Areas: 150 islands
Language: Bahasa Indonesia
Religion: Chistian with Islam minority

 

UNPO REPRESENTATION: Republik Maluku Seletan

The South Moluccas is represented in UNPO by the Republic of South Moluccas, the Republik Maluku Seletan (RMS).

 

OVERVIEW

GEOGRAPHY

The south Moluccas homeland consists of some 150 islands located in the Banda Sea. Its main islands are Ceram, Ambon and Buru.

POPULATION

The South Moluccans are Melanesians and there are about 1 million people who live in the Republic of South Moluccas. There are currently 50,000 Moluccans living in the Netherlands

HISTORICAL BACKGROUND

EARLY HISTORY

EA1600s The Netherlands invaded the South Moluccas and incorporated the region into the Dutch East Indies. 1949 The Dutch ceded sovereignty to an independent Federal Republic of Indonesia. The South Moluccas formed part of the state of Eastern Indonesia, one of the member-states of the Federation. 1950 Indonesian President Sukarno intended to change the states character from a federal into a unitarian state and the South Moluccans declared their country independent from the component State of east Indonesia. Since the declaration, the South Moluccas struggle politically world-wide for recognition of their rights to self-determination and independence as a free republic.

RECENT HISTORY

1951 Moluccan islands were occupied by Indonesian forces. 
1966 The government of the South Moluccas functioned as a government in exile in the Netherlands. 
1978 The Dutch parliament decided to regard the case of the South Moluccas being closed, no official contacts have taken place between the two governments. 
1991 The South Moluccas became a member of UNPO. 
1996 The repression of the Moluccans continues. Many Indonesians have migrated to the region taking the better job opportunities. 
The South Moluccas continue in their struggle for international recognition and eventual independence. Because of Indonesians transmigration policy, the South Moluccans may become a minority in their own country. With the growth and the increasing boldness of the democratic movement in Indonesia, the resistance in the Republic of South Moluccas has the opportunity to enter a new direction and gain momentum. Increased contacts with the government in exile make the development of a unified national and international strategy an important task for the RMS government and people on the ground.