East Turkestan: Outspoken Uyghur Scholar Questioned
A prominent Uyghur scholar, known for his outspoken views, has been questioned by Chinese authorities following the publication of an article on his website which discussed the mistreatment of Uyghurs by Chinese authorities during Ramadan.
Below is an article published by Radio Free Asia:
Chinese authorities have interrogated an outspoken Uyghur scholar, warning him not to speak to the foreign media or discuss religion online, after his website alleged that authorities had sent armed forces to mosques in the troubled Xinjiang region to monitor Muslims during Ramadan.
Ilham Tohti, an economist at the Central Nationalities University in Beijing who runs the Uyghur Online website, was summoned on Wednesday [8 August 2012] by state security police to "drink tea," a common euphemism for what is effectively an interrogation session.
The security officials, who picked Ilham Tohti up at his Beijing home around 12:00 p.m. and let him return over 10 hours later, warned him not to publish any more articles about religion or Ramadan on the website and not to speak to foreign correspondents, a source said, speaking to RFA on condition of anonymity.
The prominent scholar, who has spoken critically of China’s policies in Xinjiang and been closely watched by authorities for years, was recently interviewed by international media, including the Associated Press, Al Jazeera, and Deutsche Welle, on religious restrictions in the region.
Exile groups have accused the Chinese authorities of harassing ethnic Uyghur Muslims in Xinjiang during Ramadan, saying they were detained and punished for what Beijing calls "unauthorized" religious events.
Ilham Tohti’s interrogations followed an article published on the Uyghur Online website on Tuesday [7 August 2012] that challenged state media reports of fire brigades conducting training sessions inside mosques in Ghulja (in Chinese, Yining), saying firemen were actually sent to monitor the mosques.
The article—which discussed the importance of Ramadan to Uyghurs and increased restrictions during the holy month this year—said one Uyghur resident in northern Xinjiang’s Changji city told one of the website’s journalists that because firemen are counted among China’s armed forces, the trainings amounted to armed forces being dispatched to monitor the mosques.
On Wednesday [8 August 2012], the state-run English-language Global Times published a story refuting the Uyghur Online article, accusing the website of “separatist activities.”
Ilham Tohti had founded Uyghur Online in 2006 as a moderate, intellectual website addressing social issues, but authorities shut it down in 2009.
A new version of the site re-opened in earlier this year, currently only in Chinese language, with plans to have Uyghur and English versions.
The site at Uighurbiz.net, which reports Xinjiang news and discusses Uyghur social issues, is hosted overseas and blocked by China’s Great Firewall.
Ilham Tohti, who is originally from Artush in western Xinjiang, has called for implementation of regional autonomy laws and was detained for two months following July 2009 ethnic violence in Xinjiang.
Exile rights groups say dozens of Uyghurs have been detained for “illegal religious activities” during this year’s Ramadan, which runs until mid-August.