October 11, 2004
Switzerland is contributing SFr200,000 towards the restoration of the Ramoche temple, which was built in the seventh century before being severely damaged during China’s Cultural Revolution.
Earlier work carried out by the Chinese authorities allowed 120 monks to return to the temple. The Swiss contribution will pay for the building’s restoration.
Representatives of the Tibetan government in exile say that restoring the temple, although welcome, is something of a façade in a region where religious freedoms were curtailed long ago.
“Most Tibetan monks and nuns are in prison,” said
Tenzin Sanbhen Kayda, the human rights officer at the Tibet Bureau in Geneva.
“They have been jailed because they refuse to denounce the Dalai Lama.”
Kayda admits that it is difficult to know exactly how many monks and nuns remain in Tibet, adding that 6,000 monasteries have been destroyed since China took control of the region in 1959.
According to the Tibet Bureau, China is actively trying to turn ethnic Tibetans into a minority in own land by encouraging Han Chinese to move to the region using financial enticements.
“The Chinese are not taking care of Tibetans’ rights or needs,” Kayda told swissinfo.
Couchepin expects to meet local and regional authorities while
in Lhasa. He is hoping to discuss religious tolerance and cultural freedom with
the Chinese in Tibet, as part of Switzerland’s ongoing dialogue on human
rights with China since 1991.
The Swiss have focused in the past on legal and minority rights, especially in Tibet. Experts from China have also visited Switzerland on several occasions to look at legal reform processes and how to implement international standards.
Whether Couchepin intends to tackle his hosts on the thorny subject of Tibet is a matter for speculation. He was accused of giving the Chinese an easy ride on human rights during his previous visit to Beijing last November.
The region’s problems have caused friction between the two countries in the past.
In 1999, the Chinese president Jiang Zemin dressed down his
Swiss colleague Ruth Dreifuss during an official visit to Bern after Tibetan
militants demonstrated in front of the parliament building.
But Swiss diplomats have said in the past that China is open to criticism of its human rights’ record and its treatment of minorities.
Couchepin’s Tibet visit did not become public until Friday – two days before his departure - when reports appeared in the Swiss media. Some members of parliament have taken exception to the trip.
“I don’t think it is very wise diplomatically speaking,”
said Erwin Jutzet, head of the House of Representatives foreign affairs’
commission. “Personally, I have always refused to go to Tibet with an
official Chinese invitation.”
The second leg of Couchepin’s trip promises to be less controversial. The minister will be attending the annual conference of the International Network on Cultural Policy in Shanghai on Friday and Saturday.
The meeting will be focusing on the role of traditional cultures in modern society and the challenges posed by globalisation.
The 63 member states of the network will also considering the promotion of cultural diversity, which is being discussed as part of a future Unesco convention. The final text will determine whether culture is a commodity or something that needs specific protection.