UNPO UPR Statement: Redress Injustices Against Tatars
The restitution of land, representation within the
Established by the UNHRC, the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) is a mechanism that is intended to ensure that every member state to the United Nations has its human rights record accessed periodically. Submissions are invited from the member state, civil society, nongovernmental organizations, and other relevant stakeholders. The resulting report is subsequently examined by a UPR Working Group, consisting of Members of the UNHRC, with other appropriate stakeholders as observers. States under review and relevant stakeholders are then invited to respond to any questions or issues that may have arisen. The outcome of the working group and subsequent presentations is then adopted by the plenary.
Below is the statement which was communicated by UNPO to the UNHRC as part of its call for early submissions in the review of
Despite having won two parliamentary seats in the Ukrainian Parliament, Crimean Tatars remain underrepresented in public spaces in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea (ARC) Parliament, as confirmed by the Report of Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination of February 2007. In this respect, the government of Ukraine and the parliament of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea should ensure the appropriate representation of Crimean Tatars, by adopting special measures, as it is stated in article 4 in Section II of the Framework for the Protection of National Minorities of the Council of Europe which Ukraine ratified in 1998: “the Parties undertake to adopt, where necessary, adequate measures in order to promote, in all areas of economic, social, political and cultural life, full and effective equality between persons belonging to a national minority and those belonging to the majority.”
Therefore, UNPO calls for the adoption of special measures which would facilitate the representation of Crimean Tatars in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea Parliament, for a territory where they constitute a significant part of the population.
According to the Ukrainian government, Crimean Tatars are labeled as an ‘ethnic minority’. However, having historically lived in the Crimea peninsula before their deportation during the World War, Crimean Tatars do see themselves as indigenous people of Crimea and seek recognition of their history in
UNPO calls for a greater recognition of the historical realities of the Crimean Tatars nation in terms of political status and inclusion in state publications.
According to the article 47 of the Ukrainian Constitution, “everyone has the right to housing” and “citizens in need of social protection are provided with housing by the State and bodies of local self-government”. However, only 20% of the population of Crimean Tatars have been allocated plots of lands and mainly in areas which are considered undesirable. A system for compensation of the loss of their former property as a consequence of their deportation would be required to enable equal access to housing. Moreover, article 33 of the Ukrainian Constitution states that “Everyone who is legally present on the
UNPO, therefore, urges all parties involved to adequately address the issue of land rights for Crimean Tatars in
To learn more, please click on the link below for the UNPO Member profile for the Crimean Tatars: